Jawaharlal Nehru – The Architect of Modern India

On November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India, the first Prime Minister of independent India was born. He was named Jawaharlal Nehru to parents Motilal Nehru and Swaruprani Thussu. According to Jawaharlal Nehru, his childhood was quite uneventful and sheltered as he was home schooled and taught by tutors as well as private governesses. At a young age, he was interested in theosophy and science and later grew up to become a very ardent student.


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He studied in Cambridge’s Trinity College in 1907 and graduated with honors. However, he didn’t restrict himself to only his major subjects but casually studied economics, politics, literature, and history to satisfy his hunger for knowledge. He continued his studies in London at the Inns of Court School of Law and in 1912 he was able to pass his bar exams and was also permitted to the English bar.

In 1916, he married Kamala Kaul, who bore their only child, Indira in 1917 who later became the first female Prime Minister of India. Jawaharlal Nehru and Kamala Kaul had a son in 1924, but soon died after a week. Jawaharlal Nehru lived on until his health declined. He died on May 27, 1964 at the age of 74.

Jawaharlal Nehru’s Influence on His Country of Birth

Jawaharlal Nehru has a long list of influences on his birth country, India. He is known to be the first prime minister of India as well as the external affairs minister. But his deed to shape the political culture and government of the independent India earned him a notable place in history and was showered with the title of “the architect of modern India”. He was also acknowledged during his time and up until now because of the universal primary education system he created that reached even the children from the farthest places in rural India.

The educational policy he created is credited for the rise of the globally-recognized institutions including the Indian Institutes of Management, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, and the Indian Institutes of Technology. Apart from those, Jawaharlal Nehru was also recognized because of his efforts to maintain and spread commonality among the Indian people while still appreciating and accepting regional diversities.

Jawaharlal Nehru’s Influence on the World

The influence of Jawaharlal Nehru expanded beyond the Indian borders and was recognized worldwide. He is known globally as the leader who maintained a sturdy foundation using a four pillar system which comprises socialism, democracy, secularism, and unity. During his tenure, many leaders learned and admired him for being able to maintain this foundation as well as his natural statesmanship and idealism.

According to Sir Isaiah Berlin, a British socio-political theorist of Russian-Jewish descent, "Nehru is a remarkable man… Nehru gave to the Indians an image of themselves that I don't think others might have succeeded in doing."

Jawaharlal Nehru was a remarkable man that will not be forgotten not only by the people of India, but also by the world. He has left an indelible mark, which includes his kindness, generosity, vision, and love for children.

Tell us about what you think about Jawaharlal Nehru’s political beliefs and how it helped shape the world of India.

By Liya Das



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