Indira Priyadarshini Nehru is the birth name of the only child of Jawaharlal Nehru and Kamala Nehru who would later be known as Indira Gandhi. Indira was born November 19, 1917 in Allahabad, United Provinces, British India. Her father was the first Prime Minister of independent India and was close friends of other famous Indian nationals like Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Mohandas Gandhi. Indira Gandhi had a brother in 1924 however, the baby died early.
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During her young life, Indira was deemed to be a highly intelligent young woman, with a stubborn personality. She finished her studies at several Indian schools as well as non-British schools in Europe, some of which are Visva-Bharati University and Somerville College, Oxford. As a daughter, Indira had a strong bond with her father, which was strengthened when her father went to prison. Indira actively participated in political movements such as the Quit India Movement in 1942.
Indira married Feroze Gandhi, the father of Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi. Indira chose Sanjay, her younger son as her heir in the politics. However, Sanjay died in a flying accident in the month of June in 1980. Thus, she persuaded her elder son Rajiv, who was reluctant at first, to leave his job as a pilot for politics. Rajiv became the sixth Prime Minister of India but was assassinated five years after he was elected. Indira Gandhi died on October 31, 1984; the cause of her death was also an assassination.
Indira Gandhi’s Influence on Her Country of Birth
Indira Gandhi, like her father, shared a long list of achievements to the rise of India. She became the third Prime Minister of independent India and was the first female Prime Minister as well. She was often called the Iron Lady of India, as she was a woman of strong will power and incredible self-belief. Her political service to India lasted for 16 years, which makes up for her long list of specific accomplishments all for the development and progress of India and its people.
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Indira showed her love for her country as she left India in a stronger and more positive position compared to its neighboring nations. She worked her way to help the poorest people of India and improve their lives. She supported industrialization as well as technological enhancements as she believed that that modernization of India would eradicate the poor financial condition of her beloved country and help it bloom.
Indira Gandhi’s Influence on the World
Indira Gandhi not only left her legacy and contributions in India, she also left her mark on the foreign scene. First, with her natural skills, she was able to balance super powered nations. She rose as a military strategist as well as diplomat par excellence not only in the region, but also on the global stage. During her reign, Indira was seen as an international leader who came up with perfect timing and decisions. Even Henry Kissinger recognized Indira Gandhi outmaneuvered both him and Nixon. These, among many others, were Indira Gandhi’s influence to the world.
Indira Gandhi was a shining international leader. She was witty, brave, and her strong will- power cannot be underestimated. She may have had some downfalls, but who does not?
Tell us what you think about Indira Gandhi and her rule. Did the people back then make a good decision in putting her into the position of Prime Minister? Share your comments and ideas.