Essential Minerals in our Bodies

PART 7: Molybdenum, Chromium, Fluorine, Silicon, Vanadium, Nickel and Tin

Nutrients are the key to our well being. Among the collection of nutrients, minerals are one of the chief driving factors of all the chemical reactions in our body and hence facilitate the proper functioning of the machinery within our body. Essential Minerals are categorized as – Macrominerals and Microminerals.  Although in its overall relationship about 60 different minerals have been identified in the body, the 21 essential minerals listed below would make up about five pounds of the total body structure, and are vital requirements in order for the human body to function properly.  This is the final in the series of articles to learn just how important Minerals are, especially during the early years of life.


Calcium∙ Phosphorous∙ Calcium Potassium∙ Sulphur∙ Sodium∙ Chlorine and Magnesium

Microminerals or Trace Elements

Iron∙ IodineZinc∙Selenium∙ Tin∙ Manganese∙ Copper∙ Cobalt ∙Molybdenum∙Chromium∙Flourine∙Silicon∙Vanadium∙ and Nickel


Molybdenum is another essential mineral that plays a significant role in our body. Molybdenum is needed for iron utilization, controlling the transfer and release of iron from your body as iron is needed to supply oxygen to the organs. Molybdenum also works as a cofactor for enzymes in various biological functions such as creating uric acid and metabolizing toxins out from your body.

Being a trace mineral molybdenum is practically everywhere (beans, grains, legumes, and beef liver are all good sources of molybdenum), and deficiency is quite rare. But if you are deficient of the element, you can expect to experience seizures, nausea, vomiting, and an increase in heartbeat.


Chromium is also a trace mineral required by our body to help us move glucose from the blood stream into the cells to be utilized as energy. Chromium is also used to turn fats, carbohydrates, and protein into a usable energy for the cells.

Chromium exists nearly everywhere: meats, cheeses, molasses, spices, and whole grains are a good source of chromium. Even cooking in stainless steel pots adds chromium into the food you are cooking while herbs that include chromium are nettle, horsetail, and wild yam. A lack of chromium is also rare but if it does happens, your body will show signs of diabetes such as weight loss and affected glucose resistance.


Commonly associated with dental health, fluorine protects your teeth from demineralization by bacteria inside your mouth as well as strengthening the enamel. There are no foods that have fluorine in their sources except the processed ones or tea drink, where tea leaves absorbs the element from soil.


Silicon, also known as ‘the beauty mineral’, is the essential trace mineral needed by your body for strong and healthy joints and tissues as well as for glowing hair.  Being one important mineral, any deficiency of silicon can be seen such as thinning of the hair, nails become brittle, as well as the aging of the skin.

Have plenty of fruits and vegetables e.g. apples, cabbages, and cucumber as well as whole grains and nuts, as these are excellent source of silicon and you will prevent the occurrence of atherosclerosis, alopecia, and deformities to your bones.


Not many know the health benefits of vanadium such as helping the body to use insulin more efficiently, thus preventing diabetes as well as reducing the risks of cancer. Good sources of vanadium include radish, mushroom, wine, grains, and herbs such as parsley and dill weed.

Deficiency is quite rare as vanadium is only needed in trace amount. Symptoms include increase of molybdenum and calcium levels that can cause the biological mechanism to be thrown off balance, decreased sperm count, as well as elevating the levels of LDL cholesterols.


You only need nickel in trace number as high amounts can lead to toxicity. Nickel is provided in your diet by having eggs, and oatmeal as well as – yes yummy chocolates. Nickel is needed to break down the glucose for the cells to use them as energy as well as aids in various protein, hormones, and lipids processes. A deficiency in nickel includes sweating which is not really a great concern. More research is needed to discover nickel’s mysterious function.


The health benefits of tin are immense although your body needs just a tiny amount. Tin supports the function of adrenals. A lack of tin may cause you health problems related with the heart such as breathing difficulties, asthma and even depression. Food sources that have tin include all fruits and vegetables in small amounts as well as in herbs such as nettle, yarrow, and licorice.

This concludes our series on Essential Minerals and their importance in the proper functioning in our bodies. See all 7 in the series to continue to maintain a strong healthy body for life.

By Liya Das

Read more in the Series:

The importance of potassium & sulphur 

Essential minerals in our body

The importance of sodium, chlorine, & magnesium

The importance of iron & iodine

The importance of zinc & selenium

The importance of Essential trace minerals



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