A documentary film written & directed by Linda Aïnouche, produced by Look At My Productions
Dreadlocks Story opens up the history of Rastafaria in a new light. It shows the spiritual history behind the criticized dreadlocks hairstyle and the roots of the Rastafarian culture, which is entangled with the Hindu tradition in Jamaica. This topic has never been addressed, but is now divulged!
The documentary was filmed in four countries (France, India, Jamaica and the US) with four different languages (French, Hindi, Jamaican Patois and English) and four local crews. It covers a part of Jamaican and Indian history. It also gives a new approach to sensitive topics about beliefs and taboos.
There are many misperceptions and judgments about the Rastafarian way of life, but few have taken the time to understand the meaning behind their behavior. Hairstyle is the most universal and unavoidable form of body art —it is also one of the most interesting and commonly misunderstood. How and why can it be subject to prejudice and massacre?
If most defend an African heritage, why did the first Rastas mingle with Hindus?
The uplifting Rastafarian movement began as slavery progressed. Rastafarians pledge a response to African heirs to recover and rebuild their culture suppressed by brutal stultifying European domination. Within this context, it is an attempt for the survival of African culture and an up-front anti-slavery, anti-colonial and anti-imperialist struggle.
The British colonists ruled in Jamaica until 1962 and in India until 1947, slavery ended in Jamaica in 1838 and Indian workers were brought to the island from 1845 to 1917. Both Afro-Jamaicans and Indians were kidnapped and sent to work on sugar and banana plantations throughout Jamaica where they created positive relationships through their common oppressive hardships. The role played by Indians in Jamaica reminds us that enslaved people have not come only from Africa.
What is the original and unique way of life arising from the cross-cultural mixing between the sons of African slaves, as well as African and Indian forced workers “under contracts” in the plantations?
Leonard Percival Howell, known as the First Rasta was the pioneer to speak about Rastafarians (1932). He empowered and promoted the belief that everyone is divine and equal through the figure of the Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia. His first followers were mainly very poor, mentally persecuted people.
Jailed for two years by the Colonial Government, Howell wrote a pamphlet (1935) under a Hindu pen name, which unveiled relevance between the lifestyles of Rastas in Jamaica and Sadhus (Hindu Holy men) in India.
In 1939, Howell became the first Black man to purchase and own a piece of land called Pinnacle where he implanted a free self-reliant community for his followers. Since then, the murky persecutions have been incessant to him and to Rastas with the Jamaica Government acting to erase Leonard Howell from history.
After many raids, Pinnacle community was destroyed and totally burnt down by Colonists in 1958. The destruction of this autonomous society caused an exodus of Rastas throughout Jamaica. To wear dreadlocks became a mean of defiance and a blanket of protection against the Establishment.
Today, dreadlocks are not confined to Jamaica but are found throughout the Caribbean and Diasporas. Thus, their origins reveal to be secondary to the vital role they are playing to mirror the state of mind of the minority Rasta communities all over the world. Although some accommodations have been made towards Rastas, the struggle against prejudice and discrimination are still prevalent.
By: Linda Aïnouche, Ph.D.
About Linda Aïnouche
Linda Aïnouche, Ph.D, is an Ethnographer Researcher and Cultural Analyst, specializing in ethnic minorities, misunderstood communities, religion and a documentary film director. She delves into the cross-cultural impacts that can emerge between outcast people all over the world.
Born in a multicultural family, she has been traveling from an early age and has lived in several countries. Permanently among different cultures, she juggles with lifestyles, languages, customs and environment like she naturally breathes in.
She has interviewed scholars about the History of Indians in Jamaica and Rastafarian culture and several well-known personalities and a wide range of Rastafarian, men, women, and Sadhus. She intentionally worked in a challenging male-oriented environment to find out what Rasta people, women and men, from different generations, in Jamaica or abroad, had to say on camera about how they saw dreadlocks, how they regarded Hindu influences in Rastafarian history and hence how they talked about their way of life and what discriminations they had to face as members of a minority group.
Aïnouche’s Hindu and Rastafarian expertise give her film a unique style that addresses the Indian cultural influences on Rastafarian lifestyle and covers persecution and misperceptions of the Rastafarian movement.